What do they look like?
Due to their iconic appearance, bottlenose dolphins are probably the most recognisable dolphin species in the world. Chunky and robust, Scottish individuals are especially adapted to live in cold water and can grow up to 4 metres in size, much larger than other bottlenose dolphins around the world. They are dark grey across their head and back with lighter grey or white underparts. A hooked, pointy dorsal fin sits in the centre of their back, often marked with unique scratches or rake marks which set individuals apart.
These dolphins are rarely solitary, usually spotted in pods of between 2 and 12, although larger groups are not uncommon. Known for their amazing acrobatic behaviour, this species is often very surface active and can be seen displaying a variety of behaviours including boat interaction, tail-slapping and breaching.
Where can I see them in Scotland?
Bottlenose dolphins are fairly widespread around the world, although Scotland is the most northerly point of their global range. There are resident populations on both the West and East coast of Scotland and pods are often seen very close to the shore. These dolphins are often accompanied by flocks of feeding birds, a good marker for watchers to follow from the land.
Want to find out more about cetaceans in Scotland?
Visit the Whale and Dolphin Conservation website or the Sea Watch Foundation website for more information.